All about vaccination
Last updated on 17.02.2022
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Safety and effectiveness
Main reasons for vaccination
Information on vaccines
Myths and hoaxes
The most famous myths and untruths about vaccination
A negative antigen test is not a condition for vaccination against COVID-19.
The decision to be tested is up to every individual. Both antigenic and PCR tests can be used for this purpose.
Please, make sure you are not a person who should not be vaccinated against COVID-19.
A negative test is not a requirement, but if you voluntarily pass an antigen or PCR test with a positive result before vaccination, you will not be administered COVID-19 sooner than in 14 days.
After this period, you will receive an SMS about possible re-registration. Please, see the detailed instructions on how to proceed if you are COVID-19 positive at https://korona.gov.sk/ or https://www.health.gov.sk/Clanok?covid-19-19-01-2021-co-robit-ak-som-pozitivny
It is possible that you have overcome an asymptomatic form of COVID-19. Although you did not notice the disease, your body has developed antibodies.
If the antibody test confirms that you have overcome COVID-19, your body should have antibodies to the virus for the next 90 days. After this period, you can register for vaccination by the form available at www.korona.gov.sk
If you are not feeling well, it is better to wait until your health condition improves and make another appointment. Generally, we should not be vaccinated in case we are feverish or experience any other symptoms of an ongoing acute infection. In such case it is necessary to postpone the vaccination.
However, you should try to get the vaccine as soon as possible after these symptoms pass. You should also not be vaccinated during isolation or quarantine. In case of any doubts, please, consult your doctor.
In Slovakia, vaccination should take place in 12 phases. If you belong to a particular phase, it is possible to apply for vaccination. Registration is required before vaccination:
Registration link: Registration form
In Slovakia, vaccination should take place in 12 phases, while each phase begins with the opening for registration of relevant groups of people by means of a registration form in the central ordering system. (https://korona.gov.sk/vakcinacia/ )
IF YOU BELONG TO A PARTICULAR PHASE, YOU CAN APPLY FOR VACCINATION. REGISTRATION IS REQUIRED BEFORE VACCINATION.
Everyone who belongs to the currently open phase, including those, who belong to previous phases may apply for vaccination.
(Example: Phase 3 is currently open, and I belong to the Phase 1, so I can apply for vaccination. Example: I belong to the Phase 5, so I cannot ask for vaccination yet.)
Vaccination against COVID-19 will take place in vaccination centres established in all districts of the Slovak Republic. At the same time, cooperation with general practitioners' outpatient clinics is planned.
Mobile vaccination teams will provide their services to clients of residential social services facilities.
The COVID-19 vaccines available in Slovakia are administered in two doses, with the second dose of the vaccine is to be administered at least 28 calendar days after the first dose.
The deadline for the second dose of vaccine will be given to you automatically. In this case, please, do not fill out the form.
Should you not be able to attend the appointment for the 2nd vaccination for serious reasons, please, make another appointment as soon as possible. Should you not attend both scheduled administrations, you may not be completely protected against COVID-19.
Vaccines from three producers are currently available in Slovakia, and it is not yet known how long the protection provided after vaccination lasts.
People vaccinated in a clinical trial will be followed for 2 years to obtain further information on the length of protection.
The fact whether we will have to be repeatedly vaccinated as it is in case with influenza, is the subject of currently ongoing studies. That is to say, that the answer to this question depends on what immune memory our body develops after COVID-19 vaccination.
In Slovakia, people over 12 are vaccinated.
Comirnaty is not recommended for children under 12.
COVID-19 Moderna is not recommended for children and adolescents under 18.
The European Medicines Agency in cooperation with vaccine producers draws up a plan to test the vaccine in children in the future.
- Pregnant and breastfeeding women
Currently there is not enough experience with vaccination during pregnancy and breastfeeding. The administration of the vaccine should only be considered, if the potential benefits outweigh any risks to the mother and foetus.
Animal studies have not proved any harmful effects during pregnancy, but there are very few data concerning the use of Comirnaty during pregnancy. The decision to undergo vaccination during pregnancy should be made on the basis of detailed consultation with medical professionals and consideration of benefits and risks.
COVID-19 vaccine Moderna: Animal studies do not indicate any harmful effects during pregnancy. However, data on the use of COVID-19 Moderna during pregnancy are very limited. If you are pregnant or breastfeed, think you may be pregnant or planning to get pregnant, please, consult the administration of the vaccine with your doctor, pharmaceutics, or nurse.
In case of hypersensitivity/allergy to any component of the vaccine, you should not be vaccinated; if you have allergies, please inform your doctor before vaccination. People who develop anaphylaxis (an extremely strong allergic reaction) after the first dose of the vaccine should not receive the second dose.
As the vaccine is administered under strict medical supervision, an adequate response to possible complications is also ensured.
- People with compromised immune response
There is limited evidence of people with a compromised immune response. Although people with impaired immune system do not respond to the vaccine so well, there are no safety concerns related to its use. People with compromised immunity can also be vaccinated as they are at greater risk of developing COVID-19.
People suffering from an acute illness with fever should be vaccinated only after recovery. Mild symptoms of cold without fever are not the reason to postpone vaccination.
If you have a medical condition causing bleeding, get bruised easily or take medicines to prevent blood clots, please, consult your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse before vaccination.
- Oncologic patients
Considering the fact, that oncologic patients belong to the most at-risk groups of people, the vaccination is recommended.
However, it is a good idea to consult your doctor before administration of the vaccine. For example, should there be a patient currently undergoing treatment with low white cell count, the vaccination will probably be delayed.
- Vaccination and other drugs
It is very important to be extremely careful when vaccinating patients who take blood-thinning medicines, have reduced platelet count or people with clotting disorder. In case you take medicines such as corticosteroids, that affect your immune system, please, consult your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse before vaccination.
If you take or have recently be taking or may be taking any other medicines, or have been administered by any other vaccine, please, inform your doctor or pharmacist.
- We have already overcome COVID-19
In case you have overcome COVID-19, your body should have antibodies to the virus for the next 90 days. After this period, you can register for vaccination by the form available at www.korona.gov.sk
If you are a person with higher risk of the disease, it is possible to be vaccinated even sooner, i.e., 15 days after clinical signs are subsided.
COVID-19 does not exclude even young and healthy individuals. The number of cases, but also severity of the disease itself or long recovery confirm the importance of vaccination even in young and healthy individuals. Last but not least, vaccination will also protect your family and friends.
See Stories about the symptoms, consequences of COVID-19 and the course of the disease.
Yes, you should be able to continue the common activities which are normal for you as long as you feel good. It is recommended to avoid excessive physical activity and alcohol consumption for 48 hours after vaccination.
If your hand is particularly painful or weak, it is recommended to avoid lifting heavy items. Specific recommendations for each vaccine are listed in the package leaflet. See detailed information here:
(read the package leaflet for Comirnaty vaccine issued by Pfizer/BioNTech)
(please, read the vaccine package leaflet issued by Moderna)
(please, read the vaccine package leaflet for COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca)
In case you experience side effects after vaccination, report them to the State Institute for Drug Control (ŠÚKL). Side effects can be reported to your GP.
It is also possible to report a suspected side effect:
- by means of an electronic form on the ŠÚKL website, which is the most effective way: https://portal.sukl.sk/eskadra/?act=EskadraMain&mId= 1
- by telephone on the no. +421 250 701 206 or +421 902 489 044
- at your GP
It is necessary to inform your GP on vaccination immediately after its administration. Please, show or send your GP a copy of the vaccination record so that they can properly assess and advise you in case of any side effects.
Very frequent side effects include: Fever during 2- or 3-days following vaccination. However, should the temperature be high, it may mean that you have developed COVID-19 or another infection (if so, please, contact your GP). Less frequent side effects include redness at the injection site and swelling of the lymph nodes. In case you experience any side effects, you should rest. In case you experience pain and fever, take a medicine containing paracetamol such as Panadol, Paralen, etc. (follow the instructions in the package leaflet) to make you feel better. These symptoms usually last less than a week. If your symptoms worsen or you are worried, please, contact and consult with your doctor.
See also: How and where to report potential side effects after vaccination?
After the first dose, we should continue to take protective measures and strictly protect ourselves from possible infection. After the first dose of vaccine, formation of antibodies begins, but their number is still insufficient to achieve the maximum possible effect of the vaccine guaranteed by the producer. Should it be impossible to attend the administration of the 2nd dose of the COVID-19 vaccine Moderna, please, make another appointment with your doctor as soon as possible. Should you not complete both scheduled administrations, you may not be protected against COVID-19 as the producer guarantees.
It is recommended to avoid excessive physical activity and alcohol consumption for 48 hours after vaccination.
Can I return to normal activities and work after receiving the vaccine?
In case all vacancies are not filled by the deadline or someone who has been registered for a specific date does not show up, hospitals contact the substitutes.
Who can apply as a substitute?
Currently, the following groups of people can apply as substitutes:
- people over 65 years of age
- individuals with severe disabilities
How to register as a substitute:
Substitute lists are not centralized and are managed separately by individual hospitals and vaccination centers.
You can sign up as a vaccination substitute at following places:
Univerzitná nemocnica s poliklinikou Milosrdní bratia, spol. s r.o.
0910 277 690
Kysucká nemocnica s poliklinikou Čadca
v čase 13:30 - 14:00
Nemocnica Alexandra Wintera n.o. Piešťany
0902 119 607
v čase 8:00-14:00
Svet zdravia, a.s., Všeobecná nemocnica Žiar nad Hronom
045/6709 103, firstname.lastname@example.org
v čase: 9:30-12:30
Nemocnica Kraľovský Chlmec
056/6866 343, email@example.com
v čase: 13:00-15:00
Svet zdravia Nemocnica Topoľčany, a.s.
0901 795 040
v čase: 8:00-15:00
Nemocnica na okraji mesta, n.o.
038/7473 120, firstname.lastname@example.org
v čase: 8:00-12:00, 13:00-14:00
Nemocnica s poliklinikou Sv. Lukáša Galanta, a.s.
0907 961 838, email@example.com
v čase: 8:00-15:00
Nemocnica s poliklinikou Spišská Nová Ves, a.s.
v čase: 7:15-12:0,13:00-15:00
Nemocnica AGEL Zlaté Moravce a.s.
0910 491 438; 037/6905 217
Nemocnica s poliklinikou Trebišov, a.s.
0905 803 122, firstname.lastname@example.org
v čase: 8:00-12:00-13:00-15:00
0908 651 808
Nemocnica arm. generála L. Svobodu Svidník, a.s.
0907 260 147, email@example.com
v čase: 8:00-15:00
Ľubovnianska nemocnica, n.o
v čase: 7:00-15:00
Fakultná nemocnica s poliklinikou Nové Zámky
0907 813 594
v čase: 12:00-14:00
Nemocnica s poliklinikou Považská Bystrica
Svet zdravia, a.s., Všeobecná nemocnica Rimavská Sobota
0918 969 985, firstname.lastname@example.org
v čase: 9:00-12:00, 12:45-15:30
Nemocnica s poliklinikou Dunajská Streda, a.s.
0908 347 003
v čase: 8:00-15:00
Železničné zdravotníctvo Košice, s.r.o.
Vranovská nemocnica, a.s.
0918 931 962, email@example.com
v čase: 8:00-15:00
Nemocnica s poliklinikou n.o. Brezno
048/2820 110, firstname.lastname@example.org
v čase: 8:00-14:00
Hornooravská nemocnica s poliklinikou Trstená
AGEL Bánovce s.r.o.
0903 491 501
Nemocnica AGEL Zvolen a.s.
0907 852 979
Univerzitná nemocnica BA
Žilpo sro., Žilina
PRO VITAE n.o. Gelnica
Dolnooravská nemocnica s poliklinikou L.N. Jégeho Dolný Kubín
Všeobecná nemocnica s poliklinikou, n. o. - Veľký Krtíš
Before vaccination, you can download these documents, fill them out and thus accelerate the vaccination process.
1. Instructions and written informed consent of the patient about vaccination
2. QUESTIONNAIRE - Anamnestic questions for the patient
3. Informed Consent - AstraZeneca
4. Informed Consent - Pfizer / Moderna