All about vaccination

Last updated on 17.02.2022

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With the emergence of the first vaccine, the first myths about vaccination began to spread among people. At the end of the 18th century, the British surgeon Edward Jenner came up with a revolutionary solution to stop the disease that had been destroying humanity for centuries - a vaccine against smallpox. Humanity has paid for fear and ignorance by myths which spread despite the visible effect of the vaccine. The vaccine came from smallpox of the cow, so people were afraid that they would grow horns or tumours in the form of small cows.

Despite advanced research and development of vaccines, vaccination hoaxes are here today as they have always been here. However, myths are spreading much faster thanks to the internet. For some obscure reasons, public often believes "guaranteed experts" who offer proofless claims, which much later be denied by real scientific experts by evidence laboriously acquired in large-scale studies.

Despite the fact that each of the myths has so far been professionally contradicted by scientific studies, it does not prevent people from spreading untruth fact that could potentially endanger others.

Dr. Alexandra Bražinová from the Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University recommends: "It is important to verify the facts and trust the experts."

Typical vaccination myths or manipulations related to vaccination are reports of problems or even deaths that have occurred after specific cases of vaccination. There are two things to keep in mind in this regard:

  • Just because something happened after vaccination, it does not mean that the event is related to it. It is natural, that deaths occur in the days following vaccination of a very large number of people around the world. Reports on side effects are being investigating and a possible relation to vaccination is being identified in the European Union.

Therefore, it is necessary to distinct between reports that something happened after vaccination and information on proved vaccine side effects demonstrably related to vaccination.

  • Real cases of serious side effects caused by vaccination have been detected. In such reports, statistics need to be considered and compare the overall benefits of vaccination with the total number of side effects. The experience of vaccinating millions of people around the world confirms the results of clinical studies: vaccination is safe. Although serious side effects do exist, they are extremely rare.

More about the benefits and risks of vaccination

The study on infants conducted by British doctor Andrew Wakefield, which claimed that vaccination against measles is related to autism in children, has probably become the most widespread myth about vaccination. After the research turned out to be false, Dr. Wakefield's diploma was revoked and the journal that published the study withdrew the article. Subsequently, the study turned out to be sponsored by lawyers who intended to represent children affected after the vaccination.

This case also proved how dangerous the spread of hoaxes or proofless claims can be. The falsified data from Dr. Wakefield's study have undermined confidence of parents around the world to the point that many have stopped vaccinating their children against measles, causing many major measles epidemics in the years to come - a disease that humanity has controlled for decades.

Dr. Alexandra Bražinová from the Institute of Epidemiology, Faculty of Medicine, Charles University recommends: "It is important to verify the facts and trust the experts."

7NEWS Brisbane television then released the entire video, along with all the video material preceding the footage.

The doctor first vaccinated the politician very quickly and the photographers did not have time to take pictures. Therefore, they asked the doctor to indicate the vaccination again. For the second time, the doctor actually used a needle with a cover, because she did not want to vaccinate the politician for the second time. Before that, however, the needle could be clearly seen in the original video (27th second).



There are several hoaxes on the internet, anonymous and unfounded reports of vaccine side effects, which are completely fabricated in many cases.

Such a report appeared, for example, on the FB page "Events in Humenné", where an alleged anaphylactic shock after vaccination had been mentioned. The hospital in Humenné subsequently denied this report and informed that the vaccination was carried out without complications.

Such vaccination hoaxes are common, it is the easiest way to spread misleading information on vaccination, it is recommended to monitor credible reporting sources.

In several countries, including Norway, older people are in the early stages of COVID-19 vaccination, as they are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 disease and death. Norway is currently vaccinating older people and people in social care facilities, many of whom are elderly and suffer from several chronic diseases.

The link between vaccination to prevent COVID - 19 and deaths has not been proved. In Norway, an average of 400 people die each week in social and facilities providing long-term care. In the European Union, around 12,000 people die every day for various reasons, 83 % of of them are over 65 years old. Vaccination against COVID-19 will not reduce mortality from other causes. Even after vaccination, deaths will occur, some of which may occur shortly after vaccination. This does not mean that there is automatically a link between vaccination and death.

Norwegian authorities are carefully investigating reported deaths. However, it is not to say that otherwise minor adverse reactions after vaccination (such as fever or nausea) may not have contributed to the overall deterioration of health in elderly patients with several serious diseases. The Norwegian authorities have already adapted vaccination schedules to place even greater emphasis on the individual patient's health.

Norway is also part of the European pharmacovigilance system and reported suspicions of death are also being assessed at EU level. All suspected adverse reactions are being regularly evaluated and, if necessary, operational steps are taken to ensure patient safety.

This is one of the most popular hoaxes on COVID-19 vaccines, which has repeatedly spread on the internet.

mRNA vaccines from Pfizer/BioNTech and Moderna contain ribonucleic acid mRNA, according to which proteins are synthesized in cells. However, this process takes place in a separate cell space (cytoplasm), not in the cell nucleus, in which human DNA is placed.

Free mRNA cannot affect human DNA in any way; the human body does not have enzymes that would allow RNA to be transcribed and incorporated into DNA. The mRNA breaks down rapidly after its information is passed.

In recent months, dozens even hundreds of misinformation and hoaxes have been spread on the Internet, questioning or downplaying Covid-19.

We would like to emphasize that coronavirus and Covid-19 disease represent the greatest burden on our healthcare system in modern history. Despite the best efforts of doctors, it has led to thousands of deaths in Slovakia and millions of deaths worldwide. Mortality on Covid-19 is significantly higher than on influenza. The potential of this virus to overload the healthcare system is also much greater.

A significant number of people who recover, suffer long-term, ongoing symptoms. Covid-19 is a dangerous disease with the worst impact on the elderly and people with associated diagnoses. However, young and healthy people often end up in hospitals. Do not underestimate it.



Did you find an article on the Internet about COVID-19 or vaccination? Did you really read it all? Take your time, do not rush,

consider whether this is really credible information worthy of sharing.



Who is the author, do you know them? Isn't this a fake account? Where does it draw from, what does it refer to? Do not get trapped by cheap hoaxes and "guaranteed experts" on the internet.



Shocking information full of emotions you have not heard of anywhere? Do not be afraid to use a search engine and think about why they don't write about it anywhere else. May it have been just made up?

More resources, more common sense.



"I saw it on the internet" is not a good answer. "My colleague's cousin" is not

a good source. Serious journalists are a better source than an anonymous FB group.



Spreading a hoax is a shame and a dangerous thing because you can potentially endanger others.

Criminal code also addresses the issue and contains a paragraph on spreading of an alarm message.



Social networks are still a new thing and we need to learn how to find our way there

together. Let us have patience, empathy, and an effort to help us be

best informed.